Nelson Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was South Africa's first black chief executive, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalized racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation.
Work and Struggle
Working as a lawyer, he was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and, with the ANC (African National Congress) leadership, was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the Treason Trail from 1956 to 1961. Influenced by Marxism, he secretly joined the South African Communist Party (SACP) and sat on its Central Committee.
Mandela joined negotiations with Nationalist President F.W. de.Klerk to abolish apartheid and establish multiracial elections in 1994 in which he led the ANC to victory and became South Africa's first black president. Before becoming president, Mandela is a positive anti-apartheid and he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997. When Mandela led the anti-apartheid movement , the South African court has sentenced him to "plotting to overthrow the government" and other charges, serving a total of 27 years before Nelson Mandela and a half, which is about 18 years spent in Robben Island.
Awards and Achievements
Internationally, Mandela was Secretary General of Non- Alignment Movement from 1998 to 1999. he gained international acclaim for his activism, having received more than 250 awards, including the 1993 Nobel Prize for Peace, the US Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the Soviet Order of Lenin. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred as the "Father of Nation".
"It always seems impossible until it's done."
"Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do."
"A good head and a good heart are always a formidable combination."
"For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others."