Malcolm X is a very controversial figure in African American History. He was born as Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska. He had a traumatic childhood which shaped his future as a crusader of rights of African- Americans. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
Although controversial, Malcolm X was a very prominent figure during the Civil Rights era. Offering an alternative view to the mainstream Civil Rights movement, Malcolm X advocated for both the establishment of a separate black community (rather than integration) and the use of violence in self-defense (rather than non-violence). After Malcolm X left the black Muslim Nation of Islam organization, for which he had been both a spokesperson and a leader, his views toward white people softened but his core message of black pride endured. After his assassination in 1965, Malcolm X’s autobiography continued to spread his thoughts and passion.
He is credited with raising the self-esteem of black Americans and reconnecting them with their African heritage. He is largely responsible for the spread of Islam in the black community in the United States
Through his autobiography, Malcolm X’s powerful voice continued to inspire the black community to advocate for their rights. The Black Panthers, for example, used Malcolm X’s teachings to find their own organization in 1966. Today, Malcolm X remains one of the more controversial figures of the Civil Rights era. He is generally respected for his passionate demand for change in one of history's most trying (and deadly) times for black leaders. In his later years Malcolm X became anternational figure, traveling to